Salvador Dali

Salvador Dalí was born May 11, 1904 in Spain. He was a Surrealist painter and printmaker, influential for his explorations in the Surrealist movement. As an art student in Madrid and Barcelona, Dalí experimented with a vast number of artistic styles. From 1929 to 1937 he produced paintings which made him the world’s best-known Surrealist artist. He depicted a dream world where he juxtaposed commonplace objects in strange ways. Dalí portrayed those objects in such realistic detail, placing them within bleak sunlit landscapes. Perhaps the most famous of those images is The Persistence of Memory (1931), in which melting watches rest in an eery and calm landscape. With the Spanish director Luis Bunuel, Dalí made two Surrealistic films, called Un Chien Andalou and L’Âge d’or. Both were shocking and often described as being grotesque and highly suggestive.

 
Dalí experimented with several mediums including painting, film, sculpture, design and photography. He also wrote fiction, poetry, autobiography, essays and criticism. Major themes in his work include dreams, subconscious, sexuality, religion, and science. To the irritation of his critics, his outlandish behaviour often drew more attention than his artwork. Also, his support for the Francoist dictatorship, his private life and the authenticity of some of his late works are also questioned.
 
After his wife’s death in 1982, Dalí’s depression worsened and for years after he struggled with his health. In December 1988 he entered the hospital with heart failure and he died 23rd January 1989. His last artwork was Head Of Europa which he gifted to King Juan Carlos, who admitted was an avid admirer. Dalí’s life and work went on to influence other major Surrealist, pop, and contemporary artists such as Jeff Koons and Damien Hirst. Salvador Dalí died as one of the most important figures in the surrealist movement.

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